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Identifying pathways for improving household food self-sufficiency outcomes in the Hills of Nepal

Author: Karki, T.B.
Author: Sah, S.K.
Author: Thapa, R.B.
Author: McDonald, A.J.
Author: Davis, A.S.
Year: 2015
ISSN: 1932-6203
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10883/19750
Descriptors: Maize
Descriptors: Cereal Crops
Descriptors: Crops
Descriptors: Agricultural Workers
Descriptors: Livestock
Descriptors: Agricultural Soil Science
Descriptors: Nepal
Descriptors: Agronomy
Abstract: Maintaining and improving household food self-sufficiency (FSS) in mountain regions is an ongoing challenge. There are many facets to the issue, including comparatively high levels of land fragmentation, challenging terrain and transportation bottlenecks, declining labor availability due to out-migration, and low technical knowledge, among others. Using a nonparametric multivariate approach, we quantified primary associations underlying current levels of FSS in the mid-hills of Nepal. A needs assessment survey was administered to 77 households in Lungaun (Baglung District), Pang (Parbat District), and Pathlekhet (Myagdi District), with a total of 80 variables covering five performance areas; resulting data were analyzed using Classification and Regression Trees. The most parsimonious statistical model for household FSS highlighted associations with agronomic management, including yields of maize and fingermillet within a relay cropping system and adoption of improved crop cultivars. Secondary analyses of the variables retained in the first model again focused primarily on crop and livestock management. It thus appears that continued emphasis on technical agricultural improvements is warranted, independent of factors such as land holding size that, in any case, are very difficult to change through development interventions. Initiatives to increase household FSS in the mid-hills of Nepal will benefit from placing a primary focus on methods of agricultural intensification to improve crop yields and effective technology transfer to increase adoption of these methods.
Language: English
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Place: United States
Journal issue: 6
Journal: Plos One
Journal volume: 10
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0127513
Audicence: Researchers


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  • Sustainable Intensification
    Sustainable intensification agriculture including topics on cropping systems, agronomy, soil, mechanization, precision agriculture, etc.

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