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Factors explaining the diffusion of hybrid maize in Latin America and the Caribbean region

Author: Kosarek, J.
Author: Garcia, P.
Author: Morris, M.L.
Year: 2001
Abstract: If future demand for maize in Latin America and the Caribbean region (LAC) is to be met from local sources, domestic production must continue to increase. Because further expansion in the area planted to maize is precluded by the limited availability of arable land, future increases in production will have to rely heavily on the spread of productivity-enhancing hybrid technology. Until now, the diffusion of hybrid maize in LAC has been quite variable. Using data from 18 countries, we investigate factors affecting the hybrid maize diffusion rate. Our findings validate conventional profitability-based explanations of producer adoption behavior, but they also confirm the importance of supply-side factors, thereby providing empirical support for the life cycle theory of seed industry development. We conclude that if policy makers in LAC are to accelerate the diffusion of hybrid maize, they will have to ensure an environment in which it is not only profitable for producers to adopt improved germplasm, but also profitable for the seed industry to produce and sell high-quality seed.
Language: English
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Type: Article
Region: Central America
Region: South America
Region: North America
Pages: 267-280
Journal issue: 3
Journal: Agricultural Economics
Journal volume: 26
Keywords: Latin America
Keywords: Caribbean
Keywords: Maize
Keywords: Zea mays
Keywords: Varieties
Keywords: Hybrids
Keywords: Life cycle
Keywords: Seed industry
Keywords: Technology transfer
Keywords: Innovation adoption
Keywords: Input output analysis
Keywords: Development policies

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  • Maize
    Maize breeding, phytopathology, entomology, physiology, quality, and biotech

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