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Inbred line evaluation nurseries and their role in maize breeding at CIMMYT

Author: Vasal, S.K.
Author: Srinivasan, G.
Author: Córdova, H.S.
Author: Pandey, S.
Author: Jeffers, D.P.
Author: Bergvinson, D.J.
Author: Beck, D.L.
Year: 1999
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/1962
Abstract: CIMMYT initiated its hybrid maize (Zea mays) research programme in 1985 in response to the growing needs of the national programmes for hybrid-oriented source germplasm. Since 1991 CIMMYT has released a total of 424 inbreds that are widely distributed and used by public and private sector researchers around the world. Inbred line evaluation nurseries are an important component of a hybrid research programme. At CIMMYT, inbreds are routinely evaluated for various biotic and abiotic stresses, their yield potential and other agronomic attributes. Several promising lines have been identified for specific stresses, although they were not selected during the development process which can be attributed to the genetic diversity of CIMMYT's source germplasm. Resistant/tolerant lines have been identified for abiotic stresses (drought, low-N use efficiency and acid soils). In addition, resistant lines have been identified for biotic stresses, including fusarium ear/stalk rot (Fusarium spp.), banded leaf and sheath blight (Rhizoctonia spp.), tar spot (Phyllachora maydis), grey leaf spot (Cercospora zeae-maydis), rust (Puccinia polysora), maize streak virus (MSV), fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), sugarcane borer (Diatraea saccharalis) and Striga. Lines with above average general combining ability and yield stability were identified. These lines are available for public use
Abstract: CIMMYT initiated its hybrid maize (Zea mays L.) research program in 1985 in response to the growing needs of the national programs for hybrid-oriented source germplasm. Since 1991 CIMMYT has released a total of 424 inbreds that are widely distributed and used by public and private sector researchers around the world. Inbred line evaluation nurseries are an important component of a hybrid research program. At CIMMYT, we routinely evaluate inbreds for various biotic and abiotic stresses, their yield potential and other agronomic attributes. We have been successful in identifying several lines for specific stresses, although they were not selected during the development process which can be attributed to the genetic diversity of CIMMYT's source germplasm. Some of the abiotic stresses for which we have identified resistant/tolerant lines are: drought, low-N use efficiency, and acid-soils. For biotic stresses we have identified resistant lines for fusarium ear/stalk rot, banded leaf and sheath blight (Rhizoctonia spp.), tar spot (Phyllachora maydis), grey leaf spot (Cercospora zeae-maydis), rust (Puccnia polysora), maize streak virus (MSV), fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda), sugarcane borer (Diatraea saccharalis) and striga. Lines with above average general combining ability and yield stability have been identified. These lines are available for public use.
Language: English
Publisher: Consiglio per la Ricerca e la sperimentazione in Agricoltura, Unità di Ricerca per la Valorizzazione qualitativa dei cereali
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Region: Global
Pages: 341-351
Journal issue: 4
Journal: Maydica
Journal volume: 44
Keywords: Zea mays
Keywords: Maize
Keywords: Hybrids
Keywords: Germplasm
Keywords: Evaluation
Keywords: Stress
Keywords: Trials
Keywords: Yields
Keywords: Inbred lines
Keywords: Disease resistance
Keywords: Insect control
Keywords: Research projects
Audicence: Researchers


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  • Maize
    Maize breeding, phytopathology, entomology, physiology, quality, and biotech

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