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Adoption of multiple climate-smart agricultural practices in the Gangetic plains of Bihar, India

Author: Aryal, J.P.
Author: Jat, M.L.
Author: Sapkota, T.B.
Author: Khatri-Chhetri, A.
Author: Kassie, M.
Author: Rahut, D.B.
Author: Maharjan, S.
Year: 2018
ISSN: 1756-8692
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10883/19620
Abstract: Purpose: The adoption of climate-smart agricultural practices (CSAPs) is important for sustaining Indian agriculture in the face of climate change. Despite considerable effort by both national and international agricultural organizations to promote CSAPs in India, adoption of these practices is low. This study aims to examine the elements that affect the likelihood and intensity of adoption of multiple CSAPs in Bihar, India. Design/methodology/approach: The probability and intensity of adoption of CSAPs are analyzed using multivariate and ordered probit models, respectively. Findings: The results show significant correlations between multiple CSAPs, indicating that their adoptions are interrelated, providing opportunities to exploit the complementarities. The results confirm that both the probability and intensity of adoption of CSAPs are affected by numerous factors, such as demographic characteristics, farm plot features, access to market, socio-economics, climate risks, access to extension services and training. Farmers who perceive high temperature as the major climate risk factor are more likely to adopt crop diversification and minimum tillage. Farmers are less likely to adopt site-specific nutrient management if faced with short winters; however, they are more likely to adopt minimum tillage in this case. Training on agricultural issues is found to have a positive impact on the likelihood and the intensity of CSAPs adoption. Practical implications: The major policy recommendations coming from of our results are to strengthen local institutions (public extension services, etc.) and to provide more training on CSAPs. Originality/value: By applying multivariate and ordered probit models, this paper provides some insights on the long-standing discussions on whether farmers adopt CSAPs in a piecemeal or in a composite way.
Abstract: The adoption of climate-smart agricultural practices (CSAPs) is important for sustaining Indian agriculture in the face of climate change. Despite considerable effort by both national and international agricultural organizations to promote CSAPs in India, adoption of these practices is low. This study aims to examine the elements that affect the likelihood and intensity of adoption of multiple CSAPs in Bihar, India.
Language: English
Publisher: Emerald
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Country focus: India
Country focus: Bihar
Place: United Kingdom
Pages: 407-427
Issue: 3
Journal: International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management
Volume: 10
DOI: 10.1108/IJCCSM-02-2017-0025
Keywords: Climate Smart Agricultural Practices
Keywords: Crop Diversification
Keywords: Stress-Tolerant Seed Varieties
Country of Focus: BIHAR
Country of Focus: INDIA
Agrovoc: CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION
Agrovoc: CLIMATE SMART AGRICULTURE
Agrovoc: DIVERSIFICATION
Agrovoc: MINIMUM TILLAGE
Agrovoc: SITE SPECIFIC NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT
Agrovoc: SEEDS
Agrovoc: RESISTANCE VARIETIES


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  • Sustainable Intensification
    Sustainable intensification agriculture including topics on cropping systems, agronomy, soil, mechanization, precision agriculture, etc.

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