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Land ownership and technology adoption revisited : improved maize varieties in Ethiopia

Author: Zeng, D.
Author: Alwang, J.R.
Author: Norton, G.W.
Author: Jaleta Debello Moti
Author: Shiferaw, B.
Author: Yirga, C.
Year: 2018
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10883/19323
Descriptors: Maize
Descriptors: Land ownership
Abstract: The lack of land ownership can discourage agricultural technology adoption, yet there is scarce evidence of the impact of land rental contracts on the adoption of improved crop varieties in developing countries. The current study investigates such impact using a nationally representative survey of Ethiopian maize farmers. In contrast to many previous studies, we show in a simple model that cash-renters are as likely to adopt improved maize varieties as owner-operators, while sharecroppers are more likely to adopt given that such varieties are profitable. Empirical analysis reveals a significant impact of sharecropping on improved maize variety adoption, and no significant impact from cash-rental, lending support to the above hypotheses. These results imply that improvements in land rental markets can potentially enhance household welfare through crop variety adoption in agrarian economies where land sales markets are incomplete or missing.
Abstract: The lack of land ownership can discourage agricultural technology adoption, yet there is scarce evidence of the impact of land rental contracts on the adoption of improved crop varieties in developing countries. The current study investigates such impact using a nationally representative survey of Ethiopian maize farmers. In contrast to many previous studies, we show in a simple model that cash-renters are as likely to adopt improved maize varieties as owner-operators, while sharecroppers are more likely to adopt given that such varieties are profitable. Empirical analysis reveals a significant impact of sharecropping on improved maize variety adoption, and no significant impact from cash-rental, lending support to the above hypotheses. These results imply that improvements in land rental markets can potentially enhance household welfare through crop variety adoption in agrarian economies where land sales markets are incomplete or missing.
Language: English
Publisher: Elsevier
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Article
Country: Ethiopia
Place: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Pages: 270-279
Journal: Land Use Policy
Journal volume: 72
DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.12.047
Keywords: Technology Adoption
Keywords: Improved Varieties
Keywords: Land Contract
Audicence: Researchers
Country of Focus: ETHIOPIA
Agrovoc: LAND OWNERSHIP
Agrovoc: MAIZE


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  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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