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Response to climate risks among smallholder farmers in Malawi: a multivariate probit assessment of the role of information, household demographics, and farm characteristics

Author: Mulwa, C.
Author: Marenya, P.
Author: Rahut, D.B.
Author: Kassie, M.
Year: 2017
Abstract: Why do many smallholder farmers fail to adopt what appear to be relatively simple agronomic or management practices which can help them cope with climate-induced stressors? Using household and plot level data collected in 2011, we implement a multivariate probit model to assess the determinants of farmer adaptation behavior to climatic risks and the relative contribution of information, credit and education on the probability of adopting specific practices in response to adverse changes in weather patterns. We find that plot characteristics, credit constraints and availability of climate-related information explain the adoption of several of these practices. In relative terms, we also find that even when financial limitations are binding, making climate-related information available can still motivate farmers to adapt. Policy implications are that the deepening of extension access with information on the appropriate adaptation strategies is crucial to help farmers make adaptation choices. The need to foster credit markets for easy accessibility and affordability by farmers or otherwise strengthening access to assets is also important.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: Elsevier
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Type: Article
Country focus: Malawi
Place of Publication: Amsterdam, Netherlands
DOI: 10.1016/j.crm.2017.01.002
Keywords: Climate Risks
Keywords: Multivariate Probit
Keywords: Smallholder Farmers
Keywords: Weather Risks
Country of Focus: MALAWI
Agrovoc: CLIMATE
Related Datasets:
Journal: Climate Risk Management

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  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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