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Genetic distance based on SSR markers and testcross performance of maize inbred lines

Author: Choukan, R.
Author: Warburton, M.L.
Year: 2006
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/1729
Abstract: The identification of parental inbred lines to develop superior hybrids is a rather costly and time-consuming step in maize breeding. In some cases, pedigree information has been used to select diverse parental lines. In the case of Iranian maize inbred lines, this information is not fully available. In this study we investigated the genetic distance (GD) based on Simple sequence Repeats (SSR) markers between pairs of five maize testers and 28 inbred lines and assessed the relationship between GD and F1 hybrid performance, specific combining ability (SCA) and midparent heterosis (MPH). One hundred and forty testcrosses were evaluated for grain yield in 2003, 2004 and 2005 at two locations, Karaj and Gorgan (only 2004), Iran. Significant positive but low correlations were found between GD and F1 performance, SCA and MPH (0.27**, 0.39** and 0.28**, respectively). Testers affected the magnitude of correlations, with relatively high values revealed in the Mo17 crosses (0.54**, 0.61** and 0.61** for F1, SCA and MPH, respectively) and lowest values in the B73 crosses. Although GD between parents correlated significantly with hybrid performance, the estimates of GD did not consistently identify the best crosses.
Language: English
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Type: Article
Region: Global
Pages: 254-259
Journal issue: 4
Journal: Iranian Journal of Biotechnology
Journal volume: 4
Keywords: Genetic Distance-Maize (Zea mays L.)
Keywords: Midparent Heterosis
Keywords: Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs)
Keywords: Specific Combining Ability (SCA)
Keywords: Yield prediction
Publisher URI: http://ijb.nigeb.ac.ir/index.php/ijb/article/view/244


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This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Genetic Resources
    Genetic Resources including germplasm collections, wild relatives, genotyping, genomics, and IP
  • Maize
    Maize breeding, phytopathology, entomology, physiology, quality, and biotech

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