||There is exhaustive literature on technology adoption rates and the relationship between
technology adoption and relevant socioeconomic and policy variables. Yet adoption
estimates derived from the application of standard techniques such as the probit and
tobit yield biased estimates. This paper applies the modern evaluation technique: the
counterfactual outcome framework to data from about 400 households in Malawi to
assess the patterns of diffusion and adoption of improved pigeonpea varieties and their
determinants. We find the sample adoption rate of improved varieties to be 14 % while
the potential adoption rate if the improved varieties were widely disseminated is
estimated at 41 %. The adoption gap resulting from the incomplete exposure to
the improved pigeonpea is 27 %. Moreover, adoption is also found to be high
among female-headed households, older farmers and those with access to credit.
The findings suggest that for increased adoption, there is need for increased involvement
of extension workers is the dissemination of information about improved pigeonpea
varieties, a robust pigeonpea seed system to increase seed availability to farmers as well
as the need for improved access to credit.
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||Agricultural and food economics