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Wheat and rice in Karnal and Kurukshetra Districts, Haryana, India: farmers practices, problems, and an agenda for action

Author: Harrington, L.W.
Author: Fujisaka, S.
Author: Morris, M.L.
Author: Hobbs, P.R.
Author: Sharma, H.C.
Author: Singh, R.P.
Author: Chaudhary, M.K.
Author: Dhiman, S.D.
Year: 1993
ISBN: 968-6127-86-0
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/1184
Abstract: Two diagnostic surveys conducted during the rice and wheat seasons in 1992 in Kamal and Kurukshetra Districts of Haryana, India, helped develop a preliminary assessment of both near-term and potential longer-term problems in the area's rice-wheat cropping pattern. The surveys obtained information on farmers' rice and wheat crop management (crops and cropping patterns, water and soil fertility management, pest and disease management, and practices from sowing to harvest). Information on interactions between rice and wheat cultivation and other enterprises in the farming system was obtained as well. The major problems affecting wheat are (in order of importance) weed competition. declining soil health, poor groundwater quality, low plant popUlation, and late planting. [n rice. insect pests and diseases were identified as problems. Leaf folder and white-backed planthopper were the most severe. followed by blast, stemborer. foot rot, and bacterial leaf blight. Increased weed pressure and changing weed species were problems that also affected rice. Problems of declining soil fertility and soil health, poor groundwater quality, and groundwater depletion are longer-term problems that have implications for the sustainability of the rice-wheat pattern. Suggested. actions to address these problems include additional diagnosis. monitoring to assess the longer-term effects of fanners' practices and alternative technologies, research on alternative solutions 10 problems that are thought to be well understood, extension. and research on policy implications.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: CIMMYT
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Report
Country focus: India
Region: South Asia
Place of Publication: Philippines
Pages: 44 pages
Conference Name: Wheat and rice in Karnal and Kurukshetra Districts, Haryana, India : farmers practices, problems, and an agenda for action
Conference Place: (Haryana, India :
Conference Date: 22-29 March and 27 September- 2 October, 1992).
Agrovoc: RICE
Agrovoc: INJURIOUS FACTORS
Agrovoc: WHEAT
Agrovoc: CROP MANAGEMENT
Agrovoc: INTERCROPPING
Agrovoc: CULTIVATION


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  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS
  • Wheat
    Wheat - breeding, phytopathology, physiology, quality, biotech

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