Show simple item record

Impact of zero tillage in India's rice-wheat systems

Author: Laxmi, V.
Author: Erenstein, O.
Author: Gupta, R.K.
Year: 2007
ISBN: 978-970-648-159-7
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/1064
Abstract: To date, the most widely adopted resource conserving technology (RCT) in the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) has been zero-tillage (ZT) for wheat after rice, particularly in India. This report reviews and synthesizes the experience with zero tillage in the Indian IGP. Zero tillage of wheat after rice generates significant benefits at the farm level, both in terms of significant yield gains (6–10%, particularly due to timelier planting of wheat) and cost savings (5–10%, particularly tillage savings). These benefits explain the widespread interest of farmers and the rapidity of the diffusion across the Indian IGP, further aided by the wide applicability of this mechanical innovation. The study subsequently reports on the findings of village-level focus-group discussions in Punjab, Haryana and Eastern Uttar Pradesh (UP). These typically corroborate the findings reported in the reviewed literature. They also highlight the significant extent and speed of ZT adoption in each village as well as the attendant substantial cost savings and yield increases. A conservative ex-ante assessment of supply-shift gains alone (excluding other social and environmental gains), shows that the investment in zero tillage/reduced tillage (ZT/RT) research and development by the Rice-Wheat Consortium of the IndoGangetic Plains (RWC) and the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Mexico (CIMMYT) was highly beneficial with a benefit-cost ratio of 39, a net present value (NPV) of US$ 94 million and an internal rate of return (IRR) of 57%. The study highlights the potential gains from successful technology transfer and adaptation in natural resources management (NRM).
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: CIMMYT
Serie: A CIMMYT and RWC Research Report
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Book
Country focus: India
Place of Publication: Mexico
Pages: vii, 32 pages
Agrovoc: RICE
Agrovoc: ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
Agrovoc: AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
Agrovoc: ZERO TILLAGE
Agrovoc: PRODUCTION COSTS
Agrovoc: WATER USE
Agrovoc: FARMING SYSTEMS
Agrovoc: WHEAT
Agrovoc: CROP ROTATION
Agrovoc: RICE
Agrovoc: ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
Agrovoc: AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
Agrovoc: ZERO TILLAGE
Agrovoc: PRODUCTION COSTS
Agrovoc: WATER USE
Agrovoc: FARMING SYSTEMS
Agrovoc: WHEAT
Agrovoc: CROP ROTATION


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS
  • Sustainable Intensification
    Sustainable intensification agriculture including topics on cropping systems, agronomy, soil, mechanization, precision agriculture, etc.

Show simple item record