Show simple item record

Maize breeding research in Eastern and Southern Africa: current status and impacts of past investments made by the public and private sectors, 1966-97

Author: Hassan, R.M.
Author: Mekuria, M.
Author: Mwangi, W.
Year: 2001
ISBN: 970-648-072-2
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10883/1027
Abstract: This report documents the impacts of international maize breeding research in eastern and southern Africa. It draws on inft)rmation from a comprehensive 1998/99 survey of public and private maize breeding and seed production organizations active in the region. In many countries of eastern and southern Africa, policy reforms introduced in the 1980s and 1990s encouraged private sector participation in the maize seed industry The privi:te sector now supplies most of the maize seed in the region, spends more on research, and generates a larger number of maize releases than the public sector. Hybrids dominate varietal releases and seed sales, a trend that may negatively affect subsistence-oriented farmers who lack resources to buy fresh seed every season. Allhough farmers' adoption of improved maize varies throubhout the region, it has increased steadily. Survey data show that CIMMYT's maize breeding program has had sigl1ificant impacts i11 eastern and southern Africa, especially in recent years. Of the maize varieties released in the region since 1990, 31% (55% if South Africa is excluded) were developed using CIMMYT breeding materials. In 1996, more than 1.6 million hectares in eastern and southern Africa were planted to varieties developed using CIMMYT germplasm. The varietal release data and adoption data indicate growing demand for CIMMYT breeding materials from both public and private breeding programs, as well as growing acceptance by farmers of varieties devek)ped using those materials.
Format: PDF
Language: English
Publisher: CIMMYT
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact CIMMYT-Knowledge-Center@cgiar.org indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Report
Region: Southern Africa
Region: Eastern Africa
Place of Publication: Mexico
Pages: x, 33 pages
Agrovoc: ECONOMICS
Agrovoc: GERMPLASM
Agrovoc: MAIZE
Agrovoc: PRIVATE SECTOR
Agrovoc: SELECTION CRITERIA
Agrovoc: ECONOMICS
Agrovoc: GERMPLASM
Agrovoc: MAIZE
Agrovoc: PRIVATE SECTOR
Agrovoc: SELECTION CRITERIA


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Maize
    Maize breeding, phytopathology, entomology, physiology, quality, and biotech
  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

Show simple item record