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An assessment of the adoption of seed and fertilizer packages and the role of credit in smallholder maize production in Sidama and North Omo Zones, Ethiopia

Author: Getahun Degu
Author: Mwangi, W.M.
Author: Verkuijl, H.
Author: Abdishekur Wondimu
Year: 2000
ISBN: 970-648-064-1
Descriptors: Credit
Descriptors: Zea mays
Descriptors: Production factors
Descriptors: Maize
Descriptors: Plant production
Descriptors: Seed
Descriptors: Technology transfer
Descriptors: Innovation adoption
Descriptors: Fertilizer application
Descriptors: Small farms
Abstract: This study identified factors that influenced the adoption of improved maize technologies and assessed the role of credit in Sidama and North Omo Zones of Ethiopia. A tobit analysis was used to test the factors affecting allocation of land to improved maize varieties and a logit model was used to analyze factors affecting the fertilizer use. Since the 1970s, the maize commodity research program has released 12 OPVs and 8 hybrids.Urea and DAP are the recommended fertilizers at 100 kg/ha each. The number of livestock, agroecological zone,extension services, use of credit, and membership in an organization significantly influenced the probability that land would be allocated to improved maize seed. Off-farm income, the use of hired labor and credit, and being a contact farmer significantly influenced the adoption of fertilizer. Credit was a significant factor in influencing the probability of adopting improved maize seed and fertilizer. The terms of credit should reflect farmers’socioeconomic circumstances. The current requirement that farmers must have 0.5 ha under maize to participate in the credit program is limiting, especially given that increased population pressure is reducing farm size. Membership in a peasant association (PA) was important in influencing the adoption of improved maize seed and fertilizer, and PAs should be strengthened to provide better information to farmers on improved agricultural practices. Although extension significantly affected the adoption of fertilizer and improved maize seed, the ratio of extension staff to farmers was high, and many farmers could not be visited. Increasing the number of extension staff and facilitating their transport would increase the adoption of improved maize seed and fertilizer. Livestock ownership significantly influenced the adoption of improved maize seed and fertilizer, because livestock sales provided cash to pay the 25% down payment on inputs (fertilizer and seed). Research, extension, and policy should increase support to livestock development.
Language: English
Publisher: CIMMYT
Publisher: EARO
Copyright: CIMMYT manages Intellectual Assets as International Public Goods. The user is free to download, print, store and share this work. In case you want to translate or create any other derivative work and share or distribute such translation/derivative work, please contact indicating the work you want to use and the kind of use you intend; CIMMYT will contact you with the suitable license for that purpose.
Type: Book
Country: Ethiopia
Region: Eastern Africa
Place: Mexico

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  • Socioeconomics
    Including topics such as farming systems, markets, impact & targeting, innovations, and GIS

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