Now showing items 4281-4290 of 4427
Detection of wheat stem rust races TTHSK and PTKTK in the Ug99 race group in Kenya in 2014
(American Phytopathological Society (APS), 2016)
Wheat stem rust, caused by Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici, causes severe losses in wheat production under epidemic conditions. The detection of isolate Ug99 in east Africa (Pretorius et al. 2000) has raised global concerns ...
Review: new sensors and data-driven approaches—A path to next generation phenomics
At the 4th International Plant Phenotyping Symposium meeting of the International Plant Phenotyping Network (IPPN) in 2016 at CIMMYT in Mexico, a workshop was convened to consider ways forward with sensors for phenotyping. ...
Combining ability and testcross performance of drought-tolerant maize inbred lines under stress and non-stress environments in Kenya
(Blackwell Verlag, 2017)
Drought and poor soil fertility are among the major abiotic stresses affecting maize productivity in sub-Saharan Africa. Maize breeding efforts at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) have focused ...
Combining ability and heterotic orientation of mid-altitude sub-humid tropical maize inbred lines for grain yield and related traits
(Academic Journals, 2017)
Information on the combining ability and heterotic pattern of elite inbred lines is essential to maximize their use in hybrid maize development. This study was conducted to determine combining ability and heterotic pattern ...
Can productivity and profitability be enhanced in intensively managed cereal systems while reducing the environmental footprint of production? Assessing sustainable intensification options in the breadbasket of India
In the most productive area of the Indo-Gangetic Plains in Northwest India where high yields of rice and wheat are commonplace, a medium-term cropping system trial was conducted in Haryana State. The goal of the study was ...
Smallholder farmer innovation and contexts in maize-based Conservation Agriculture Systems in Central Malawi
(Canadian Center of Science and Education, 2017)
The increased threat of food insecurity and climate change requires more sustainable ways of agriculture intensification in African smallholder farming systems. Ample evidence confirms that maize-based conservation agriculture ...
The adaptive capacity of maize-based conservation agriculture systems to climate stress in tropical and subtropical environments: a meta-regression of yields
(Elsevier Masson, 2018)
Conservation agriculture is widely promoted across sub-Saharan Africa as a sustainable farming practice that enhances adaptive capacity to climate change. The interactions between climate stress, management, and soil are ...
Daylength, temperature and solar radiation effects on the phenology and yield formation of spring durum wheat
(BlackwellVerlag GmbH, 2016)
Future food security will depend on crop adaptation to changing environments. We studied the limitations imposed by daylength, temperature and solar radiation on wheat yield in eight field experiments conducted at contrasting ...
Grain yield performance and flowering synchrony of CIMMYT’s tropical maize (Zea mays L.) parental inbred lines and single crosses
Maize production constraints in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are being addressed by CIMMYT and partners through an array of projects, focusing on developing and evaluating parental inbred lines and single-crosses as well as ...