Now showing items 21-30 of 37
Organization and performance of national maize seed industries: a new institutionalist perspective
This paper proposes a conceptual framework for analyzing the organization and performance of national maize seed industries. The authors begin by reviewing what several leading economic paradigms have to say about the ...
Towards reduced pesticide use for cereal crops in Asia
Several opportunities are available for dramatically reducing the use of agrochemicals in Asia cereal crop production. The first selection of this paper summarizes past trends and future prospects for pesticide use in Asia ...
Linking global and local approaches to agricultural technology development: the role of participatory plant breeding research in the CGIAR
This paper describes the current state of international plant breeding research and explains why centralized approach to germplasm improvement, so successful in the past, is being transformed by decentralized local breeding ...
Farmers' seed selection practices and maize variety characteristics in a traditionally-based Mexican community
Experimental results and farmers surveys in a Mexican community indicates that farmers' seed selection practices protect the phenological integrity of their maize varieties as they define them, despite numerous factors ...
The rate and sequence of adoption of improved cereal technologies: the case of rainfed barley in the Mexican Altiplano
In efforts to understand the process of agricultural develoµtent, economists and other social scientists have invested substantial resources in literally hundreds of studies of the adoption of new agricultural technologies. ...
Maize production and agricultural policies in Central America and Mexico
This paper reviews trends in maize production and consumption in Central America and Mexico in the context of the political and economic changes taking place in the region since the 1970's. The authors focus on the effects ...
Adoption of maize conservation tillage in Azuero, Panama
An aggressive research and validation program launched in 1984 in Azuero, Panama, yielded a recommendation advocating zero tillage for maize production. Ten years later, maize farmers in Azuero use , land preparation ...
The private and public characteristics of maize land races and the area allocation decisions of farmers in a center of crop diversity
This study uses an approach derived from models of the private and public characteristics of goods to illustrate (1) the overriding importance of variety attributes in farmers' decisions to allocate area among varieties ...
Understanding global trends in the use of wheat diversity and international flows of wheat genetic resources
This paper discusses the centers of origin and diversity for bread wheat; sketches historical patterns in the sources and use of wheat genetic resources in modern plant breeding; identifies and compares indicators of genetic ...
The contribution of genetic resources and diversity to wheat productivity: a case from the Punjab of Pakistan
This study makes use of data on wheat production in the Punjab of Pakistan from 1979 to 1985 to 1) examine patterns of varietal diversity in farmers' fields both at the regional and district levels and 2) identify how and ...