Now showing items 21-30 of 4427
Harnessing diversity in wheat to enhance grain yield, climate resilience, disease and insect pest resistance and nutrition through conventional and modern breeding approaches
Current trends in population growth and consumption patterns continue to increase the demand for wheat, a key cereal for global food security. Further, multiple abiotic challenges due to climate change and evolving pathogen ...
Zero-tillage as a pathway for sustainable wheat intensification in the Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plains: does it work in farmers’ fields?
(Springer Verlag, 2015)
In controlled-condition field trials across South Asia, zero-tillage (ZT) has demonstrated considerable scope for enhancing wheat productivity in the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP) while using less energy and irrigation water. ...
Foliar abscisic acid-to-ethylene accumulation and response regulate shoot growth sensitivity to mild drought in wheat
Although, plant hormones play an important role in adjusting growth in response to environmental perturbation, the relative contributions of abscisic acid (ABA) and ethylene remain elusive. Using six spring wheat genotypes ...
Exploring and mobilizing the Gene Bank Biodiversity for wheat improvement
(Public Library of Science, 2015)
Identifying and mobilizing useful genetic variation from germplasm banks to breeding programs is an important strategy for sustaining crop genetic improvement. The molecular diversity of 1,423 spring bread wheat accessions ...
Canopy temperature and vegetation indices from high-throughput phenotyping improve accuracy of pedigree and genomic selection for grain yield in wheat
(Genetics Society of America, 2016)
Genomic selection can be applied prior to phenotyping, enabling shorter breeding cycles and greater rates of genetic gain relative to phenotypic selection. Traits measured using high-throughput phenotyping based on proximal ...
Genetic diversity among selected elite CIMMYT maize hybrids in East and Southern Africa
(Crop Science Society of America, 2017)
Genetic gain within the CIMMYT Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) hybrid maize (Zea mays L.) breeding program from 2000 to 2010 was recently estimated at 0.85 to 2.2% yr−1 under various environmental conditions. Over 100 ...
Introgression of a gene for high grain protein content (Gpc-B1) into two leading cultivars of wheat in Eastern Gangetic Plains of India through marker assisted backcross breeding
(Academic Journals, 2015)
A wheat genotype named ‘PBW343+Gpc-B1+LR24’ containing Gpc-B1 gene linked with the DNA-based marker Xucw108, developed at Choudhary Charan Singh University (CCSU), Meerut, through marker-assisted selection, was used as ...
Potential impact of climate change trends on wheat production and mitigation strategies in Afghanistan
(Canadian Center of Science and Education, 2015)
Climate change is here and continues unabated. It is expected to affect different biological processes differently. Afghanistan has a varied climate profile and depends heavily on wheat, the staple food of its 30 million ...
Employing phenology to delineate wheat agro-climatic zones in Afghanistan
(Canadian Center of Science and Education, 2016)
Afghanistan grows wheat on about 2.5 million hectares with an average annual production of about five million tonnes. The local research and development efforts make use of country wide research results to recommend varieties ...
The plant ontology as a tool for comparative plant anatomy and genomic analyses
(Oxford University Press; Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists, 2012)
The Plant Ontology (PO; http://www.plantontology.org/) is a publicly-available, collaborative effort to develop and maintain a controlled, structured vocabulary (?ontology?) of terms to describe plant anatomy, morphology ...