Now showing items 1-10 of 163
Crop breeding chips and genotyping platforms: progress, challenges, and perspectives
There is a rapidly rising trend in the development and application of molecular marker assays for gene mapping and discovery in field crops and trees. Thus far, more than 50 SNP arrays and 15 different types of ...
Strategies for selecting crosses using genomic prediction in two wheat breeding programs
(Crop Science Society of America, 2017)
The single most important decision in plant breeding programs is the selection of appropriate crosses. The ideal cross would provide superior predicted progeny performance and enough diversity to maintain genetic gain. The ...
Genetic potential of winter wheat grain quality in Central Asia
(Look Academic Publisher, 2016)
The grain quality of winter wheat varies significantly by cultivars and growing region, not previously differentiated by end-use (baking, confectionery, etc.) in the national breeding programs. In these conditions it is ...
Estimating the economic impact of breeding nonspecific resistance to leaf rust in modern bread wheat
(American Phytopathological Society (APS), 1998)
Breeding for resistance to rust diseases in wheat is an example of productivity maintenance research. Productivity maintenance research is necessary to avoid contractions in the wheat supply curve that result from changes ...
Large-scale evaluation of maize germplasm for low-phosphorus tolerance
(Public Library of Science, 2015)
Low-phosphorus (LP) stress is a global problem for maize production and has been exacerbated by breeding activities that have reduced the genetic diversity of maize. Although LP tolerance in maize has been previously ...
Use of IPM in the control of multiple diseases in maize: strategies for selection of host resistance
(African Crop Science Society, 2003)
Maize (Zea mays) production in sub-Saharan Africa is constantly threatened by the potential outbreak of multiple foliar diseases such as maize streak, northern leaf blight, gray leaf spot, and rust. Improvement of host ...
An update of recent use of Aegilops species in wheat breeding
Aegilops species have significantly contributed to wheat breeding despite the difficulties involved in the handling of wild species, such as crossability and incompatibility. A number of biotic resistance genes have been ...
Plant breeding can be made more efficient by having fewer, better crosses
(BioMed Central, 2013)
Background: Crop yields have to increase to provide food security for the world?s growing population. To achieve these yield increases there will have to be a significant contribution from genetic gains made by conventional ...
Rapid breeding and varietal replacement are critical to adaptation of cropping systems in the developing world to climate change
Plant breeding is a key mechanism for adaptation of cropping systems to climate change. Much discussion of breeding for climate change focuses on genes with large effects on heat and drought tolerance, but phenology and ...
Molecular genetic diversity and population structure of Ethiopian white lupin landraces: implications for breeding and conservation
(Public Library of Science, 2017)
White lupin is one of the four economically important species of the Lupinus genus and is an important grain legume in the Ethiopian farming system. However, there has been limited research effort to characterize the ...