Now showing items 1-10 of 11
New wheat varieties and the small farmer
The distribution of the benefits of new agricultural technologies is the subject of continuing controversy, especially following the widespread adoption of new wheat and rice varieties in developing countries over the last ...
Sources of productivity growth in wheat: A review of recent performance and medium-to long-term prospects
Sources of yield growth in wheat are investigated based on a stylized framework of technical change. Evidence suggests that the relative contribution of input intensification to yield growth has diminished in recent years ...
Issues regarding targeting and adoption of quality protein maize (QPM)
Improvements in the production characteristics of quality protein maize (QPM) are currently leading to its reintroduction in various areas of the world, both for human and animal consumption. Although the improved QPM ...
Using economics to explain spatial diversity in a wheat crop: examples from Australia and China
Spatial diversity indicators may serve an important function for policymakers as they seek to manage crop genetic diversity and potential externalities associated with diffusion of some types of genetically improved crops. ...
Understanding global trends in the use of wheat diversity and international flows of wheat genetic resources
This paper discusses the centers of origin and diversity for bread wheat; sketches historical patterns in the sources and use of wheat genetic resources in modern plant breeding; identifies and compares indicators of genetic ...
Data collection, site selection and farmer participation in on-farm experimentation
This paper contains suggestions for improving data collection during on-farm experimentation. Besides providing agronomic data, the experimental phase of on-farm research can be a source of other valuable information. ...
Demand and supply of crop infraspecific diversity on farms: towards a policy framework for on-farm conservation
Interest is increasing worldwide in on-farm conservation as a component of a strategy to conserve crop genetic resources. On-farm conservation may require outside support to small-scale farmers in areas of crop domestication ...
Organization and performance of national maize seed industries: a new institutionalist perspective
This paper proposes a conceptual framework for analyzing the organization and performance of national maize seed industries. The authors begin by reviewing what several leading economic paradigms have to say about the ...
Genetic change in farmer-recycled maize seed: a review of the evidence
This paper summarizes what is known about farm-level maize seed management practices and reviews the theoretical and empirical evidence regarding the relationship between farmers’ seed recycling practices and the genetic ...
Linking global and local approaches to agricultural technology development: the role of participatory plant breeding research in the CGIAR
This paper describes the current state of international plant breeding research and explains why centralized approach to germplasm improvement, so successful in the past, is being transformed by decentralized local breeding ...