Mostrando ítems 1-10 de 13
International wheat breeding research in Eastern and Southern Africa, 1966-97
This paper describes and analyzes some of the impacts of wheat improvement research in seven countries in the Eastern and Southern regions of Africa. the countries South Africa, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, ...
Understanding global trends in the use of wheat diversity and international flows of wheat genetic resources
This paper discusses the centers of origin and diversity for bread wheat; sketches historical patterns in the sources and use of wheat genetic resources in modern plant breeding; identifies and compares indicators of genetic ...
Economic criteria for establishing plant breeding programs
International collaboration in crop improvement research: Current status and future prospects
Investments over the past 35 years have created s system of national and international research centers that has revolutionized the supply of improved cereal varieties to developing country farmers. The newly created ...
Farmer plant breeding from a biological perspective: Implications for collaborative plant breeding
Plant breeding by research has become increasingly isolated from the plant breeding of farmers. Collaborative plant breeding (CPB) offers the possibility of bringing these two plant breeding traditions together to increase ...
Optimal search in ex situ collections of wheat genetic resources
This paper develops a theoretical model for analyzing gene bank management decisions regarding the search for traits of economic value in ex situ collections of wheat. The model is applied to data on the probability of ...
Towards reduced pesticide use for cereal crops in Asia
Several opportunities are available for dramatically reducing the use of agrochemicals in Asia cereal crop production. The first selection of this paper summarizes past trends and future prospects for pesticide use in Asia ...
The maize seed industries of Brazil and Mexico: Past performance, current issues and future prospects
This paper describes results of a study of the main factors affecting the development of the maize seed industries in Brazil and Mexico (and, by extension, other developing countries). The authors develop a framework that ...
Linking global and local approaches to agricultural technology development: the role of participatory plant breeding research in the CGIAR
This paper describes the current state of international plant breeding research and explains why centralized approach to germplasm improvement, so successful in the past, is being transformed by decentralized local breeding ...